Kushinagar is one of the most popular Buddhist pilgrimage centre in India. Lord Buddha got nirvana at Kushinagar.It is not just the religious importance attached; Kushinagar is also a treat to the eyes. Kushinagar is made beautiful by the serenity and calm the entire environment has. Some important places of tourist interest in Kushinagar are the places related to the life of Buddha.
Ramabhar Stupa and Nirvana are the foremost Buddhist pilgrimage places in Kushinagar. Other attractions in Kushinagar include Mathakuar Temple and the Mahaparinirvana Temple, also belonging to the Buddhist faith.
1. Mahaparinirvana Temple
Mahaparinirvana Temple is the main place in Kushi nagar. This temple stands on the same plinth as the main Nirvana Stupa behind it. The reclining Nirvana statue of Lord Buddha inside the temple is 6.10 metres long and is made of monolith red – sand stone. It represents the “Dieing – Buddha” reclining on his right side with his face towards the west. It is placed on a large brick-pedestal with stone-posts at the corners.
2. Sun Temple
This temple is located on Kasia-Tamkuhi road at the place called Turkpatti, which is about 17 km from Kushinagar. The temple dedicated to the Sun God was built during the Gupta Period and is mentioned in the Puranas. The temple is famous for its idol of the Sun God which was carved out of a special black stone (Neelmani Stone). The statue was believed to have been found during excavations conducted between the 4th and the 5th centuries.
3. Japanese Temple
Japanese Temple is one of the most beautiful temples in Kushinagar. This is a must visit site during your tour to Kushinagar. A magnificent ‘Ashta Dhatu’ or ‘Eight Metals’ statue of Lord Buddha marks this temple. This statue has been brought from Japan in dismantled form and was later joined before it was established in this temple.
4. Ramabhar Stupa
About 1.5 km away from Mahaparinirvana Temple, this large Stupa rises to a height of 49 ft. It marks the site where the Lord Buddha was cremated. In ancient Buddhist texts, this Stupa has been referred to as ‘Mukut-Bandhan Vihar’.
5. Birla Temple
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this temple has been founded by the well known Birla family at the nirvana site of Gautama Buddha. The highlight here is a marble statue of Lord Shiva seated on a tiger flash cushion. Birla Temple offers accommodation to Hindu and Buddhist tourists at a very reasonable rate.The temple also provides accommodation for Hindu Buddhist tourist on very nominal rates. A dormitory is also specially made for Indian Buddhist tourists available at cheapest rates.